Weight loss surgery
In the first place, obesity should be treated conservatively, that is, with an energy-reduced diet, exercise and with behavioral changes. Only a few pharmaceuticals are available for treatment of obesity and these should only be used in combination with a conservative Gastric Bypass and Gastric Sleeve operations are the most common and the most documented surgery methods against overweight and they have good long-term results with permanent weight loss. The operations are usually performed with keyhole surgery (laparoscopy). Our surgeons will determine the type of surgery that is best suited for you.
People with a BMI above 30 may be suitable for a weight loss operation. If you suffer from complicating diseases such as diabetes, joint pain or high blood pressure, the positive effects of weight loss will be strengthened. Weight loss will lead to a reduced risk of future cardiovascular disease, improved diabetic control, decreased stress on the hip, knee and ankle joints and increased fertility.
What is BMI?
BMI stands for Body Mass Index and is a way to estimate and categorize overweight or underweight in a person based on that value. The method is based on the relationship between length and weight, according to the formula: Weight (kg) / Length (m) x Length (m).
BMI should be used as a guideline to determine weight-related health and is not an exact measure. The values are not valid for very strong people, children and adolescents.
Do you have a BMI of 30 or above?
Obesity or overweight is more than a cosmetic problem. According to the World Health Organization, obesity is defined as a chronic disease and the BMI limit for obesity is a value of 30 or above. Obesity can damage health because it is associated with several severe diseases that significantly impair quality of life and shorten life expectancy.
TREATMENT OF FETMA
A conservative weight loss method (dieting) is the first type of treatment for obese patients, although the method does not work for everyone. Many people find that they do not have an issue with losing weight, but find it difficult to maintain the weight loss over time.
According to the scientific report from 2002, the results of long-term, permanent weight loss are very disappointing. Regardless of personality and ambition, the body’s unprecedented reaction to want to store fat as energy reserve is very strong. We simply carry on a built-in protection mechanism against weight loss, although this mechanism obviously varies in different individuals.
Surgical treatment of obesity has a scientifically confirmed weight-reducing effect that exists over a long period of time. Surgically induced weight loss leads to an decrease in mortality and an improvement in most of diseases that are associated with obesity.
Criteria for overweight surgery
• BMI: Usually, we are referring to patients with a BMI of 30 or above.
• Age: We perform the surgery in patients between the ages of 18 and 60 (in patients over 60 years, an individual assessment will be made).
• History: The patient should have made several serious attempts at weight loss with conventional treatment in the past.
• Thorough decision: The patient must be able to absorb information and thereby understand the consequences of the surgical treatment.
• General health: This type of surgical treatment is not suitable for people with addiction or severe mental problems, such as eating disorders.
Obesity cannot be cured by only using the surgical method
After Gastric Bypass or Gastric Sleeve surgery, the stomach is limited in volume, which means that it is not possible to eat the same amount of food as before. It is therefore necessary to change ones eating behavior and living habits. This is a basic condition for the operation to be successful, which will result in a lifelong permanent weight loss. If the patient continues to eat too large portions, high calorie foods, sweets and sweet drinks after surgery it will result in a high caloric supplementation, which can cause small or non-existent results in weight loss or lead to a risk of future weight gain.